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How to make a small garden pond?

How to integrate ponds in the garden. The project: to make water ponds without an automatic electric filtration system. It is necessary to find a balance between aquatic plants and fish to keep the water clear.

Why have a pond in the garden?

In the summer, when it is hot, insects need to drink. If there is no water near the garden, they tend to move closer to the house.

The necessary utensils:

  • salvaged zinc ponds (an odd number will create a nice visual effect);
  • Pond liner;
  • neoprene glue;
  • bricks;
  • aquatic plants (oxygenating and purifying plants): water lettuce, papyrus, water iris, water lilies...

Creating the pond

Note: It is possible to create a pond above ground, but by burying the ponds, the fish will be better protected from freezing in winter.
  1. Dig holes to the size of the ponds.
  2. To avoid damage to old ponds (a little perforated or rusty), cover them with a "special pond liner". Use neoprene glue to hold it in place in the ponds.
  3. Place the ponds in the holes and fill in the empty spaces with soil.
  4. Install the plants, respecting the depth of immersion of each one (read the labels). Use the bricks to help you.
  5. Example: papyrus should be immersed between 5 and 10 cm deep.
  6. Cover the potting soil in the pots with pebbles so that it does not escape into the water.
  7. Once the pots are in place and stabilized, fill the ponds with water.

Things to know

Most aquatic plants are installed in pots. If you want them to grow, transplant them into a larger pot with special pond soil. Otherwise, leave them in their original pot.

Landscape finishing

A mineral mulch was installed around the ponds to hide the covers, to limit the development of weeds and to promote the biodiversity of the pond (insects and micro-organisms live underneath).

Then, flowers were planted all around: lavenders, heuchères...

A solar fountain was also installed to promote oxygenation of the water.

Tip: the pond should not receive more than 7 hours of direct sunlight, to avoid the proliferation of duckweed or algae.

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